• Women took part in all sports in the Olympic Games
  • Nicola Adams from Team GB became the first female Olympic boxing champion
  • The Paralympic Flame was lit by Scouts
  • The Olympic Cauldron was lit by more than one person – seven young athletes with their sights set on Rio 2016
  • A Paralympian, Oscar Pistorius, took part in an Olympic running race
  • Handball was included in the Olympic programme
  • First time Great Britain entered a team in certain sports – Gymnastics (Rhythmic), Handball, Sitting Volleyball and Volleyball
  • 4,200 athletes from 166 nations including Brunei Darussalam, Djibouti and San Marino took part in the Paralympic Games
  • The Saudi Arabian team included a female athlete, Wojdan ShaherKani